March 18, a day in the calendar and a day in history
18th of March
Day of the reunification of Crimea with Russia
Day of the Paris Commune
Day of the Holy Martyr Konon the Isaurian Gradar (gardener).
The Holy Martyr Konon was a Christian. He got engaged to a girl. Having married, they made a vow of virginity and lived in dedication to God. Konon possessed the gift of miracles and helped many suffering people. During the persecution of Christians, he was subjected to severe torture. Protecting the miracle worker, the inhabitants rebelled against the tormentors. They found Konon bloody and wounded and rescued him. But two years later he died (in the III century).
Conon. Konon Gradar. Canon. Canon Gardener. Gardener. fence. Gradar. Gardener’s Day. If there is a bucket on Konon, it is warm, it is clear – there will be no hail in the summer.
It was believed that if on this day you start “plowing the garden” (at least make a few holes or digging with a shovel), then “the garden will be kind and there will be a lot of vegetables.” If the bucket (clear weather) – then the summer will turn red without hail.
The beginning of snowmelt according to the astronomical calendar is from March 18 to April 15 – 29 days. The beginning of spring according to the phenological calendar. The appearance of thawed patches (early March 3. Late April 11). Arrival of starlings – the average time, early March 7, late March 31. Starlings fly at a speed of 70 kilometers per hour. Gardeners have time to prepare greenhouses. Soak seeds for sowing cucumbers in greenhouses. Where the weather and soil permits, they begin to dig vegetable gardens.
On this day, seeds were soaked for sowing, pitchforks, shovels, and rakes were repaired. They believed that Konon helps with smallpox.
Birthdays: Adrian, David, Eulampius, Iraida, Iroid, Constantine, Mark, Onisius and Theodore.
March 18, 1869 at a meeting of the Russian Chemical Society, Nikolai Menshutkin, on behalf of Dmitry Mendeleev, reported on the discovery by a 35-year-old scientist the relationship between the properties of elements and their atomic weights.
According to legend, the periodic system of elements familiar to every schoolchild in the form of a table came to the scientist in a dream. In fact, in such an elegant way, Mendeleev got rid of the need to explain to reporters versed in nothing in science how scientific insight is connected with many years of hard work. When on March 1, 1869, Mendeleev made the first draft of his periodic system, he immediately sent it in the form of a separate sheet entitled “Experiment of a system of elements based on their atomic weight and chemical similarity” to many Russian and foreign chemists. The Russian scientist not only put in place all the chemical elements known to science at that time, specifying their atomic weights (which in itself was a great achievement), but also predicted the coexistence of still unknown ones, giving a description of their properties. When a few years later the first of them were discovered – gallium, scandium and germanium, the entire scientific world recognized the genius of the discovery made by Mendeleev.
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March 18, 1871. Paris Commune – the first proletarian revolution.
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On March 18, 1921, the Kronstadt rebellion was crushed.
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March 18, 1965 Soviet cosmonaut Alexei Leonov made the first in the history of mankind spacewalk.
Read also: “Battle for space”: truth and fiction about the rivalry between the USSR and the USA
March 18, 1967 occurred the first of the worst environmental disasters associated with oil pollution of the world’s oceans.
Due to a navigational error, the Liberian-flagged tanker Torrey Canyon (Torrey Konyon), which had 120,000 tons of crude “black gold” in its hold, hit a reef near the Cornwall Peninsula off the southwestern coast of Great Britain. Almost all the oil spilled into the sea, and the fetid stain spread over almost a thousand square kilometers. To destroy the raw materials left in the wreckage of the hull, bombs were dropped on them and set on fire with napalm. The stain was “tied up” with a special detergent and “lowered” to the bottom. Cleaning the coast of England, several islands in the English Channel and French Brittany, where the wind drove the wreckage of the tanker, lasted more than one month.
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March 18, 1974 Arab countries US oil embargo lifted.
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March 18, 1990 – the largest art theft in history, when two thieves stole 12 paintings from the Isabella Stewart-Gardner Museum in Boston (USA), including works by Rembrandt, Manet, Degas, worth a total of 300 million dollars. Greater damage was done only during the last invasion of the coalition forces into Iraq, when thousands of exhibits disappeared from the country’s museums.
Read also: Painting theft: fortune in minutes
March 18, 2014 – the reunification of Crimea and Sevastopol with Russia.
Crimea: a year as an epoch, 23 years as a bad dream
What the MEP was looking for in Crimea and did not find
March 18, 1844 was born Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakovcomposer.
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March 18, 1858 was born Rudolf DieselGerman engineer.
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March 18, 1869 was born Neville ChamberlainBritish prime minister who signed the Munich Agreement in 1938.
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March 18, 1874 was born Nikolai Berdyaevreligious philosopher.
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March 18, 1913 a filmmaker was born René Clementwho directed the films “Passenger of the Rain” with Charles Bronson, “In the Bright Sun” with Alain Delon and other films that have become classics of French cinema.
Read also: Alain Delon: “Cinema has come for me”
March 18, 1916 was born Imants Sudmalispartisan, Hero of the Soviet Union.
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March 18, 1918 was born Evgeny Pepelyaevace pilot who shot down 23 enemy aircraft in the Korean War, colonel, Hero of the Soviet Union.
Read also: Forgotten hero of Soviet aviation
March 18, 1959 was born Luc BessonFrench film director (“Underground”, “Nikita”, “Leon”, “The Fifth Element”).
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March 18, 1982 died Vasily Chuikov, Hero of the Battle of Stalingrad, Marshal of the Soviet Union, twice Hero of the Soviet Union. His 62nd Army stopped the Nazis at the walls of Stalingrad.
Read also: Unknown Stalingrad: view from the trenches